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John Butler

Professor Emeritus

Department:     Management

Additional Titles:     Dallas Taca Centennial Professor in Liberal Arts; Arthur James Douglass Centennial Professor in Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses; Herb Kelleher Chair in Entrepreneurship; Sam Barshop Centennial Fellow

Industry Areas:     Small Businesses, Venture Capital

Research Areas:     Entrepreneurship, Organizational Design

John Butler headshot

John Sibley Butler holds the J. Marion West Chair for Constructive Capitalism in the Graduate School of Business (Department of Management). He is a professor in the Management Department and holds a joint appointment in Organizational Behavior in the College of Liberal Arts, where he holds the Darrell K. Royal Regents Professorship in Ethics and American Society (Sociology). His research is in the areas of Organizational Behavior and Entrepreneurship/New Ventures. His research appears in professional journals and books. He is the Sam Barshop Fellow at The IC2 Institute, an organization dedicated to the creation of new ventures throughout the world.

For the last seven years, Professor Butler has occupied the Distinguished Visiting Professor position at Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo, Japan, where he lectured on new venture start-ups and general entrepreneurship. This past year, he was named as a distinguished Libra Professorship at The University of Southern Maine.

Professor Butler has served as a consultant for many firms and the U.S. Military. At this time, he is Management Consultant for State Farm Insurance Companies, with Corporate Headquarters in Bloomington, Illinois. In this connection, he has given lectures on general management issues of corporate America. He is also one of the distinguished professors who composed the Economic Advisory Team of Governor George Bush’s 2000 Presidential Campaign.

Professor Butler has appeared on over 30 radio and television programs, including Eye On America (CBS Nightly News), The Jim Leher News Hour, CBS Radio Talk Show, The Osgood Report, and Public Radio. In addition, Professor Butler’s research has appeared in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Chicago Tribune, Time Magazine, U.S. News and World Report, and other newspapers and magazines across America. His books include Entrepreneurship and Self-Help Among Black America: A Reconsideration of Race and Economics; All That We Can Be: Black Leadership and Racial Integration the Army Way (with Charles C. Moskos – Winner of the Washington Monthly Best Book Award); Immigrant and Minority Entrepreneurship: The Continuous Rebirth of American Communities (with George Kozmetsky, forthcoming); and, Forgotten Citations: Studies in Community, Entrepreneurship, and Self-Help Among Black-Americans (with Patricia Gene Greene and Margaret Johnson, forthcoming).

Professor Butler received his undergraduate education from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge and his Ph.D. from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois.



Kauffman Foundation grant



Rockefeller Foundation grant



Donner Foundation grant


National Science Foundation grant



Old Southern Codes in New Legal Bottles? Sexual Harassment, Race, and Masculinity. By: John Sibley Butler, James M. Schmidtke, Letisha Engracia Cardoso Brown, Bryan Stephen. Race and Social Problems. Forthcoming.

John S. Butler, Rajiv Garg, and Bryan Stephens. 2020. Social Networks, Funding, and Regional Advantages in Technology Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Analysis. Information Systems Research 31(1), 198-216.


Bryan Stephens, John S. Butler, and Rajiv Garg. 2019. Austin, Boston, Silicon Valley, and New York: Case Studies in the Location Choices of Entrepreneurs in Maintaining the Technopolis. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 146, 267-280.


Colbert Rhodes and John S. Butler. 2004. Understanding Self-Perceptions of Business Performance: An Examination of Black American Entrepreneurs. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship 9, 55-71.


John S. Butler and Estate Of G Kozmetsky, eds. 2002. Immigrant and Minority Entrepreneurship: Building American Communities and Economies. Greenwood/Praeger Publishers.


John S. Butler. 2002. Military Organizations: Best Practices and the Status of Black America, in The State of Black America: Opportunity and Equality One America, Lanham, MD: National Urban League Press.


Doris Wilkinson and John S. Butler. 2002. The Clinical Irrelevance and Scientific Invalidity of the 'Minority' Notion: Deleting it from the Social Science Vocabulary. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 29, 21-34.


John S. Butler. 2001. The Benefits and Mechanisms for Spreading Asset Ownership, in Assets for the Poor, Thomas M. Shapiro and Edward N. Wolff, eds. New York, NY: Russels Sage Foundation.



John N. Doggett, John S. Butler, and Jay Whitman. 2000. A Report on How American Venture Capital Firms and Incubators Evaluate Business Plans. Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc..


John S. Butler and Patricia Gene Greene. 1999. Don't Call Me Small: The Contribution of Ethnic Enterprises to the Economic and Social Well Being of America, in Are Small Firms Important?, Zoltan J. Acs, ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Charles C. Moskos and John S. Butler. 1999. Overcoming Race: Army Lessons for American Society, in A Nation Divided: Diversity, Inequality and Community in American Society, Phyllis Moen, Donna Dempster-McClain, and Henry A. Walker, eds. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.


John S. Butler. 1997. Entrepreneurship and the Advantages of the Inner City: How to Augment the Porter Thesis. Review of Black Political Economy 24, 39-49.


John S. Butler and Patricia Gene Greene. 1997. Entrepreneurship and Wealth Building: From Pakistani/Ismaili Enterprise, in Frontiers of Entrepreneurial Research, Wellesley, MA: Center for Entrepreneurial Studies.


John S. Butler and Patricia Gene Greene. 1997. Ethnic Entrepreneurship: The Continuous Rebirth of American Enterprise, in The State of the Art of Entrepreneurship, Donald L. Sexton and Raymond W. Smilor, eds. Upstart Publishing Company.


John S. Butler. 1997. The Constitution and Achievement in American Society, in Liberty Under Law: American Constitutionalism Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow, Kenneth L. Grasso and Cecilia Rodriguez Castillo, eds. NY: University Press of America.


John S. Butler. 1997. Why Booker T. Washington was Right: A Reconsideration of Race and Economics, in A Different Vision: African American Economic Thought, Thomas D. Boston, ed. London and New York, NY: Routledge.


Charles C. Moskos and John S. Butler. 1996. All That We Can Be: Black Leadership and Racial Integration the Army Way. Basic Books.


John S. Butler. 1996. Organizational Theory and the Changing Requirements of the Military, in Future Soldiers and the Quality Imperative, Robert Phillips, ed. Fort Knox, KY.


Patricia Gene Greene and John S. Butler. 1996. The Ethnic Community as a Natural Business Incubator. Journal of Business Research 36, 51-58.


John S. Butler. 1996. The Return of Open Debate. Society 33, 17-18.


John S. Butler. 1995. It's Not Academic: It's Competition. Social Science Quarterly 76, 262-266.


John S. Butler. 1995. Myrdal Revisited: The Negro in Business: The Professions, Public Service and Other White Collar Occupations. Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 124, 199-121.


John S. Butler. 1995. Race, Entrepreneurship, and the Inner City. USA Today: The Journal of the American Scene 123, 26-29.


John S. Butler. 1995. The Historical and Continuous Significance of Philanthropy: A Case Study. Alternatives in Philanthropy.


John S. Butler. 1993. Homosexuals and the Military Establishment. Society 1, 13-21.


John S. Butler. 1992. Affirmative Action in the Military. The Annals, 196-201.


John S. Butler. 1992. The Roots and Role of the Black Church. Agenda: The Alternative Journal of Critical Issues 2.


John S. Butler and Margaret Anne Johnson. 1991. Attitudes of Americans Towards Issues of Military Service. Journal of Political and Military Sociology 19, 273-291.


John S. Butler. 1991. Desegregation and the Quality of Education. The World and I (The Washington Times Corporation) 6.


John S. Butler. 1991. Entrepreneurship and Self-Help Among Black Americans: A Reconsideration of Race and Economics. State University of New York Press.


John S. Butler and Cedric Herring. 1991. Ethnicity and Entrepreneurship. Sociological Perspectives 34, 79-94.


John S. Butler. 1991. Military Institutions and Social Integration: The Case of America, in Ethnicity, Integration, and the Military, Henry Dietz, Jerrold Elkin, and Andrew Riteze, eds. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 27-50.


John S. Butler and Robert Woodson Jr.. 1991. The Greenwood Section of Tulsa: The Legacy of Self-Help. Agenda: The Alternative Journal of Critical Issues 2, 2-9.


John S. Butler and Kenneth L. Wilson, eds. 1990. Entrpreneurial Enclaves in the African American Experience. The National Center for Neighborhood Enterprise Neighborhood Policy Institute Publication Series.


John S. Butler. 1990. Resurrecting Black Business in America. The World and I 5, 128-134.


John S. Butler. 1990. Self-Help and Adjustment to American Society. Agenda: The Alternative Journal of Critical Issues 1, 2-6.


John S. Butler. 1990. The Sociology of Multiple Identities: A Comparative Analysis. Society 27, 8-13.


John S. Butler and Kenneth L. Wilson. 1989. Entrepreneurial Enclaves: An Exposition into the Afro-American Experience. National Journal of Sociology 2, 127-166.


John S. Butler. 1989. Test Scores and Evaluation: The Military as Data, in Test Policy and the Politics of Opportunity: The Workplace and the Law, Bernard Gifford, ed. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Charles C. Moskos and John S. Butler. 1989. The Military Since World War II, in A Special Report for the National Academy of Sciences,


John S. Butler. 1988. The Institutional-Occupational Thesis: Implications for Race Relations, in The Military: Just Another Job, Charles C. Moskos, Jr. and C. Wood, eds. Pergamon Press.


John S. Butler, John Blair, Robert L. Phillips, and Neil Schmitt. 1987. Framework for Research on Leadership, Cohesion and Values. Washington, D.C.: Army Research Institute for the Social and Behavioral Sciences.


John S. Butler, Anderson, Kathryn H., and Sloan, Frank A.. 1987. Labor Market Segmentation: A Cluster Analysis of Job Groupings and Barriers to Entry. Southern Economic Journal 53, p571.


John S. Butler. 1987. Social Research and Scholarly Interpretation. Society 24, 13-18.


Malcolm D. Holmes and John S. Butler. 1987. Status Inconsistency, Racial Separatism and Job Satisfaction. Sociological Perspectives 30, 201-224.


John S. Butler and Malcolm D. Holmes. 1984. Race, Separatist Ideology and Organizational Commitment. Social Science Quarterly 65, 138-149.


Dudley L. Poston Jr, Mady Wechler Segal, and John S. Butler. 1984. The Influence of Military Service on the Civilian Earning Patterns of Female Veterans: Evidence from the 1980 Census, in Women in the United States Armed Forces, Nancy Goldman, ed. Chicago, IL: Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society.


John S. Butler and Malcolm D. Holmes. 1982. Changing Organizational Structure and the Future of Race Relations in the Military, in Conscripts and Volunteers: Military Requirements, Social Justice, and the All-Volunteer Force, Robert K. Fullinwider, ed. New York, NY: Rowan and Littlefield.


John S. Butler and Malcolm D. Holmes. 1981. Perceived Discrimination and the Military Experience. Journal of Political and Military Sociology 9, 17-30.


John S. Butler. 1980. Race and the All-Volunteer Force. Armed Forces and Society 7, 586-613.


John S. Butler and Kenneth L. Wilson. 1980. The American Soldier Revised. Social Science Quarterly 61, 337-338.


John S. Butler. 1979. Inequality in the Military: The Black Experience. Saratoga, CA: 20th Century One Publishing - Scholarly Studies in Sociology and Psychology.


John S. Butler. 1979. Military Attainment: Universalistic or Particularistic. Journal of Political and Military Sociology 7, 143-145.


John S. Butler. 1978. Enlisted Promotion Rates: A Methodological Note. Journal of Political and Military Sociology 9, 75-77.


John S. Butler. 1978. Inequality in the Military Revisited. American Sociological Review 43, 607-610.


John S. Butler. 1978. Institutional Inequality: Viable Perspective or Intellectual Bogey. Journal of the Black Sociologist 7, 5-25.


John S. Butler. 1978. Institutional Racism: The Problem is Explanation. Journal of the Black Sociologist 7, 31-37.


John S. Butler and Kenneth L. Wilson. 1978. The American Soldier Revisited: Race and the Military. The Social Science Quarterly 19, 626-638.


John S. Butler and Rose Brewer. 1978. The Promotion of Enlisted Women. Journal of Armed Forces and Society 4, 679-687.


John S. Butler. 1976. Assessing Black Enlisted Participation in the Army. Social Problems 23, 558-566.


John S. Butler. 1976. Inequality in the Military: An Examination of Promotion Time for Black and White Enlisted Personnel. American Sociological Review 41, 807-818.


Alvin V. Schneider and John S. Butler. 1976. Race and the All-Volunteer System. Journal of Armed Forces and Society 2, 421-423.


Lodis Rhodes and John S. Butler. 1975. Sport and Racism: A Contribution to Theory Building in Race Relations. Social Science Quarterly 55, 919-925.